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With the General election looming a lot of young people are finding it hard to make up their minds about who they want to vote for.

And what they are voting for when they choose one of the political parties.

Here is a breakdown of the three main parties and what they are offering to voters.

Conservative Party

2010: They win the largest share of the vote at the 2010 General Election and David Cameron becomes Prime Minister. In order to form a government, they have to enter a coalition with the Liberal Democrats.

2015: At the election the Conservatives win. They now have enough seats to form a majority government without the Lib Dems. Their majority is only 7.

2016: Cameron delivers on his promise for a referendum on whether or not to remain in the European Union or leave it. The shock leave result forces David Cameron to resign as Prime Minister paving the way for Theresa May to take over as leader.

2017: May goes to the people again to try and get a bigger majority. This is an attempt to make getting Brexit done easier but, it horribly backfired and the Conservatives lost their majority. They have to enter into an agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party in order to have a majority in parliament.

2019: Boris Johnson takes over as Prime Minister. Theresa May resigns after mounting pressure from her party due to her inability to deliver Brexit.

The Conservative’s key election pledges

  • Leave the European Union in January
  • Reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050
  • Introduce a points-based immigration system
  • Freeze the rise in tuition fees
  • Create 250,000 extra childcare places
  • Increase the number of nurses by 50,000

Three pledges in focus

The main issue surrounding this election is Brexit, the Conservatives want Britain to have left the European Union by January. The Conservatives are the only one of the main parties who promise to take Britain out of the EU without another referendum. They say this is an attempt to end the political divide in this country.

Another one of the main topics of this general election is trying to fight climate change. The Conservatives have the least ambitious pledge of any of the main parties for this. They are aiming to reduce the carbon emissions of the United Kingdom to net zero by 2050.

The Conservatives want to introduce a points-based immigration system. This is the Australian style of immigration system where only the brightest and best immigrants are allowed into the country. This means there will be less low-skilled immigrants in the UK which may put pressure on public sector jobs that rely on immigrants.

How realistic are these pledges?

We spoke to politics students about this including James Addis who studies Politics and International relations at the University of Bath about this.

James said: “A majority of one should see most of this manifesto be passed without many problems.

“This is one of the most boring manifestos in political history.”

James believes this is a deliberate move as it is “riskless” and not going to lose them any voters. This strategy may pay off as the Conservatives are currently predicted to win a majority.


2010: Labour lose the General Election their first for 13 years and make Ed Miliband their leader.

2015: Labour lose the General Election again and Miliband is replaced by Jeremy Corbyn who is seen as an initial outsider. But he is elected by public party members winning with a landslide 59 per cent share of the vote.

2016: Corbyn loses a no confidence vote amongst his MPs by 197 votes to 40. However, thanks to support from the public members of the Labour party he is re-elected with 61 per cent of the vote.

2017: At the 2017 General Election Labour make unexpected gains winning 21 more seats. And increasing their share of the vote by 10.3 per cent.

Labour’s key election pledges

  • Increase the Health budget by 4.3 per cent
  • Hold a second referendum
  • Raise minimum wage to £10
  • Bring forward net zero carbon target to within the 2030s
  • Free bus travel for under 25s
  • Give EU nationals living in the UK the right to remain

Three pledges in focus

Labour want to try and negotiate a new deal with the European Union within three months of winning the election. They would then hold a new referendum on whether to leave with the new deal or to remain a part of the EU within six months.

They also want to raise the minimum wage from £8.21 to £10. They would attempt to do this within a year of winning the election. This is to try and stop in-work poverty in the UK.

Labour also want to put the UK on track for net-zero carbon energy system within the 2030s. This is five years earlier than the Liberal Democrats pledge and 10 years earlier than the Conservatives.

How realistic are these pledges?

Politics student James Addis said: “Whilst Jeremy Corbyn is clearly committed to the principles of his manifesto it will still be extremely difficult to implement.

“There are such big divides in the party that passing bills with a small majority will be difficult.”

Sky Bet is offering odds of 25/1 for Labour to win a majority. This could all change, but the likelihood of a Labour majority government is slim.

Liberal Democrats

2010: The Liberal Democrats win 57 seats in the General Election of 2010. They had the choice of either entering into a coalition with the Conservatives or Labour. They chose the Conservatives making David Cameron Prime Minister.

2015: The Lib Dems suffer huge losses in the 2015 Election. They lose 49 seats and 15.2 per cent share of the vote. This is believed to be a result of them not fulfilling the pledges they made in 2010. Their leader Nick Clegg being forced to step down. He was replaced as leader by Tim Farron.

2017: After the election of 2017, where the Liberal Democrats gained four seats, Tim Farron stepped down as leader. Vince Cable took over as leader for the second time.

2019: Vince Cable decided to resign as leader on the same day as Theresa May. He was replaced as head of the party by Jo Swinson.

Liberal Democrat’s key election pledges

  • Stop Brexit
  • Increase spending in the NHS
  • Generate 80 per cent of electricity from renewables by 2030
  • Recruit 20K more teachers
  • Legalise Cannabis
  • Give zero-hours workers a 20 per cent rise

Three pledges in focus

The Liberal Democrats want to put an immediate stop on the Brexit process. They promise to keep the UK in the European Union without holding another referendum.

They pledge that by 2030 80 per cent of the UK’s electricity will be being produced from renewable sources. They would like to combine this with a frequent flyers tax for those who make more than one or two international return flights a year.

The legalisation of cannabis is a key goal for the Liberal Democrats. This is an attempt to try and stop the control of gangs on something that can be so profitable. They also believe that the introduction of regulated cannabis will be safer.

How realistic is this:

James Addis said: “The pledge to stop Brexit without another referendum seems to be very undemocratic.

However, if they win a majority their actions can be justified.

“Because of the type voting system, we have in the UK it is extremely unlikely that Jo Swinson will become Prime Minister.”